Teacher Day by Countries

On National Teacher Day, thousands of communities take time to honor their local educators and acknowledge the crucial role teachers’ play in making sure every student receives a quality education.

The next National Teacher Day will be celebrated on May 3, 2011.

History of National Teacher Day

The origins of National Teacher Day are murky. Around 1944 Arkansas teacher Mattye Whyte Woodridge began corresponding with political and education leaders about the need for a national day to honor teachers. Woodridge wrote to Eleanor Roosevelt, who in 1953 persuaded the 81st Congress to proclaim a National Teacher Day.

The idea of celebrating Teacher’s Day took ground independently in many countries during the XX century; in most cases, they celebrate a local educator or an important milestone in education (for example, Argentina celebrates Domingo Faustino Sarmiento’s death on September 11 since 1915, while India celebrates Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan’s birthday on September 5 since 1962). These two factors explain why almost all countries celebrate this day on different dates, unlike many other International Days.

CountryDate of Teachers’ Day

Notes

Afghanistan 24-MayStudents and teachers gather to celebrate at schools with traditional food, cookies, music and presents
Albania 7-MarIn 1887, the first school which taught lessons in Albanian was opened on this day in the small city
Argentina 11-Sep To honor the work of Domingo Faustino Sarmiento after he died.
Australia Last Friday in OctoberIt represents awareness, understanding,and appreciation displayed for the contribution that teachers make.
Azerbaijan 5-OctSince 1994, on October 5, it has coincided with the World Teachers’ Day (est. 1994 by UNESCO)
Brunei Darussalam23-SepTo commemorate the birth date of the 28th ruler of Brunei, Sultan Omar Ali Saifuddien III
Bhutan 2-May Established and marked on the birth anniversary of the third King of Bhutan,
Brazil 15-OctOctober 15 was officially designated Teachers’ Day in 1963
Chile 16-OctTo honor the founding of the Colegio de Profesores de Chile (Teachers’ Association of Chile)
Colombia 15-MayThis day marks the appointment of San Juan Bautista de la Salle as the patron of teachers.
China10-SepThere are some activities for the students to show their appreciation to the teachers
Czech Republic28-MarThe birthday of John Amos Comenius.
Ecuador 13-Apr Celebrated on this date in honor to Juan Montalvo,teacher who planted in young minds the seeds of development
India 5-SepIt is the birthday of the second President of India
Indonesia 25-NovNational Teachers’ Day is commemorated on the same day as the birthday of the Indonesian Teachers’ Association
Iran2-MayCommemorating the martyrdom of Dr. Morteza Motahari on May 2, 1979.
Jamaica 6-MayIn celebration of Teachers’ Day, it is common for students and parents to bring teachers gifts.
Lithuania 5-OctSince 1994, on October 5, to coincide with the World Teachers’ Day
Lebanon9-MarBetween March 3 and March 9.
Malaysia16-MayCelebrations are usually held on May 16, or earlier, if it falls on a Saturday or Sunday
Pakistan 5-OctIt recognizes the importance of teachers and attributes progress to the quality of teachers
Panama 1-DecTo commemorate the birth date of Manuel José Hurtado, who is known as the father of Panamanian education
Peru6-JulTo honor the man who found the first Normal School for Men
Philippines5-OctBy Presidential Proclamation No. 479 to honor more than 500,000 teachers nationwide
Poland 14-OctOn this day is the anniversary of creation the Commission of National Education
Russia5-OctSince 1994, on October 5, to coincide with the World Teachers’ Day
Singapore 1-SepCelebrations are normally conducted the day before, where students usually get half a day off.
Slovakia 28-MarThe birth date of John Amos Comenius.
South Korea May 15 since 1963 inOn the celebration day, teachers are usually presented with carnations by their students
Thailand16-JanAdopted as Teachers’ Day in Thailand by a resolution of the government on November 21, 1956.
Turkey 24-NovAtatürk was considered as Prime Teacher for he adopted a new alphabet for the newly founded Turkish Republic on 1923.
United States3-May-11Students often show appreciation for their teachers with token gifts
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